- Smith’s dwarf chameleon (Bradypodion taeniabronchum)
- 5850 square kilometre(s)
- South Africa ()
The world´s rarest chameleon is Smith´s dwarf chameleon (Bradypodion taeniabronchum). Classed as Critically Endangered by the IUCN, it is limited to an area not exceeding 5,850 km² (2,258 mi2), within which its area of occupancy is estimated as 400 km² (154 mi2) near Algoa Bay in South Africa.