- Siachen Glacier
- India (Kashmir,Siachen Glacier)
Since 1984 the Indian and Pakistani armies have faced each other on the Siachen Glacier, in the disputed territory of Kashmir, at a height of up to 6,700 m (22,000 ft), in temperatures as low as -60°C (-76°F). At this altitude, they are higher than climbers standing at the summits of the tallest mountains in Africa, North America, Australasia, Europe, and Antarctica. Reports suggest that Pakistan spends as much as $588,000 (£354,000) a month and India about $1 million (£603,355) a month maintaining troops on the glacier.
Almost all of the war's 2,000 personnel casualties (between 1984-1997) have been due to the extreme weather conditions.