First graphic novel
Richard Corben
United States ()
Graphic novels are book-length comics ­ printed stories told visually. Creators of these 'graphic stories' or 'graphic literature' often argue that they represent an artistic movement, not merely a publishing format. The word 'graphic novel' first appeared in 1976 on the dust jacket of Bloodstar by Richard Corben (illustrator, USA) and Robert E. Howard (author, USA). In the same year, George Metzger's (USA) comic book Beyond Time and Again was subtitled A Graphic Novel, and Red Tide by Jim Steranko (USA) was labelled both a 'visual novel' and a 'graphic novel'.