- Amur leopard, Panthera pardus orientalis
- Not Applicable ()
The world’s rarest big cat is the Amur, or Manchurian, leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis), of which only 65–69 individuals are estimated to exist, according to the most recent census data from 2015. Native to the mountainous forests on the border of north-eastern China and the Russian Far East, it is currently classed as Critically Endangered by the IUCN.
The Amur leopard is also the most northerly subspecies of leopard.
Although still on the brink, the population of Amur leopards has almost doubled since the mid-2000s.