- Cyprus ()
Commandaria, the sweet dessert wine from Cyprus, is the oldest manufactured wine in the world, its origins traced as far back as 2000 BC. This wine also holds the record for the oldest "Appelation d'origine". In the year 1223, King Phillipe of France called it "The Apostle of wines" and it soon became famous all over Europe as "Commandaria", taking the name of the area where it was produced. This part of Cyprus took its name at the time of the Crusades, when in 1210 the Knight of the Order of St. John built the Kolossi castle and called the area "Grande Commanderie".