Most passengers on an aircraft
El Al Boeing 747
1088 people
Ethiopia (Addis Ababa)

The greatest number of passengers ever carried by a commercial airliner is 1,088 or thereabouts (there are conflicting reports of the final count), by an El Al Boeing 747 during Operation Solomon, which involved the evacuation of Ethiopian Jews from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and started on 24 May 1991. This figure included two babies born on the flight.

The operation to evacuate the Ethiopian Jews continued non-stop for 36 hours involving a total of 34 El Al jumbo jets and Hercules C-130s - with seats removed to accommodate the maximum number of passengers.

While the record is uncontested, various contemporary reports cite slightly different passenger totals ranging from as low as 1,078 to as high as 1,122.