- -67.7 degree(s) Celsius
- Russian Federation ()
The lowest temperature in the northern hemisphere is -67.7°C (-90°F), recorded in Oymyakon (63°28'N, 142°23'E; 2018 est. pop. 500) in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic of Russia on 6 February 1933. This is also the lowest temperature ever recorded outside Antarctica, making Oymyakon the coldest permanently inhabited place in the world. The daily mean temperatures for January are −46.4 °C.
According to the World Meteorological Organization, the record is shared with the town of Verkhoyansk (67°33'N, 133°23'E, 2010 pop. 1,311), where the temperature dropped to -67.7°C (-90°F) on 5 and 7 February 1892. This measurement has since raised controversy among climatologists because the spirit thermometer used required correction. Verkhoyansk's daily mean temperatures for January are −45.5 °C.