First android avatar
Geminoid HI-1
Japan ()
Geminoid HI-1 is a humanoid doppelgänger built by Hiroshi Ishiguro (Japan) is the first true android avatar. Its innards are covered with a silicone mould of Ishiguro himself, and it can be used as his avatar – that is, using motion-capture and voice-relay systems, Ishiguro can have his robot double duplicate his movements remotely, allowing him to teach a class without needing to be there in person. Pressurized air is used to give Geminoid micro-movements such as blinking and fidgeting, and the chest even moves up and down as he "breathes".