Largest land-based animal (living)
African elephant, Loxodonta africana
7 tonne(s)/metric ton(s)
Not Applicable ()

Based on weight, the largest extant terrestrial animal is the African elephant (Loxodonta africana), adult males (bulls) of which typically weigh 4–7 tonnes (8,800–15,400 pounds) and stand 3–3.7 metres (9 feet 10 inches–12 feet 1 inch) at the shoulder. These huge herbivores, who live in herds, are native to forests, grassy plains and desert areas of sub-Saharan Africa.

The African elephant also has the heaviest brain for a land mammal (5.4 kg; 11 lb 14 oz) and the heaviest nose (200 kg; 440 lb).

The North American bison (Bison bison), also known as the American buffalo, is the heaviest land animal on the North American continent. Adult males can weigh up to 1 tonne (2,200 lb), and can stand up to 1.8 m (6 ft) tall at the shoulder. Despite its bulk, however, this species is surprisingly fleet-footed, attaining a running speed of up to 48 km/h (30 mph).