First identification of individuals using fingerprints
Qin Dynasty
China ()

The clerics of the Chinese Qin Dynasty (221 to 206 BC) were the first scribes in the world to have used fingerprints as a means of personal and individual identification. The earliest known description of forensic use of fingerprints comes from a Chinese document entitled “The Volume of Crime Scene Investigation—Burglary”. The document describes how handprints were used as evidence in criminal trials of the time. The same technique is still used today where fingerprinting a crime scene remains one of the first forensic activities any police detective will use.