- Saturn V
- United States ()
Over four decades since its last launch, the mighty Saturn V rocket still retains the record for the spacecraft with the highest cargo lifting capability. The 100-metre-high rocket was able to boost 118,000 kg of payload (more than 100 tonnes, seven times the lifting capability of the Space Shuttle) to low Earth orbit in 675 seconds (a little more than 11 minutes). First flown in 1967, it was used for all 10 crewed Apollo Moon missions, two unmanned Apollo test flights, and the launch of the Skylab space station in 1973.