After a busy year meeting with government officials, lending her support to environmental demonstrations and speaking out at global summits, Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg has just set a record, having become the youngest “Time Person of the Year”

Announced on NBC’s Today programme on 10 Dec, Thunberg is the cover star on the 23 Dec/30 Dec double issue of the prestigious US news publication, at which point she will be aged 16 years 354 days. 

Credit: Time

Started in 1927, the "Person of the Year" is a special end-of-year annual edition of the US news magazine Time, in which the organization celebrates a person, group of people or even object that "for better or for worse... has done the most to influence the events of the year". 

The plaudit was originally split into "Man of the Year" and "Woman of the Year", before being amalgamated to "Person of the Year" in 1999. 

Record-breaking American aviator Charles Lindbergh became the first person to be named Time Man of the Year in 1927

Thunberg rose to prominence in Aug 2018 when she started to lobby her own government in Sweden to step up its environmental commitments, such as pledging to reduce carbon emissions. 

This inspired other youngsters around the world to strike from school to participate in anti-climate change demonstrations, a movement which came to be known as "FridaysForFuture". 

In 2019, Thunberg has met with numerous government officials as well as giving speeches at major conferences such as the UN Climate Action Summit held in New York City, USA, in Sep 2019 (notably, she made a point of travelling to this summit on a carbon-neutral yacht). She was also shortlisted for the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize, however this ended up going to the Ethiopian prime minister, Abiy Ahmed. 

Thunberg speaking at the UN's COP25 climate change conference in Madrid, Spain last week (having been relocated from Santiago, Chile, due to ongoing civil unrest)

Thunberg has rejected other accolades this year – including the Nordic Council’s environmental award in Oct, which came with a cash prize of 500,000 Swedish krona (£40,000; $51,440). She declined the award, explaining: “The climate movement does not need any more awards. What we need is for our politicians and the people in power to start to listen to the current, best available science. 

“The Nordic countries have a great reputation around the world when it comes to climate and environmental issues. There is no lack of bragging about this. There is no lack of beautiful words. 

“But when it comes to our actual emissions and our ecological footprints per capita – if we include our consumption, our imports as well as aviation and shipping – then it’s a whole other story.” 

However, she accepted the plaudit from Time magazine declaring that it was on behalf of "climate activists everywhere". 

US President Donald Trump was one of four runners-up, missing out on the 2019 title of most influential person/group

Runners-up for the 2019 title were: US President Donald Trump (who has previously been named “Person of the Year” in 2016); Speaker of the US House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi; the Hong Kong protesters; and the whistleblower in the Trump-Ukraine scandal. 

Somewhat ironically, given her eco credentials - and having embarked on a number of carbon-neutral ocean voyages this year - Thunberg takes the crown of youngest "Time Person of the Year" from US aviator Charles Lindbergh (1902–74). He is most famous for performing the first solo transatlantic flight on 20–21 May 1927 flying in the Spirit of St Louis monoplane between the USA and France. He received the accolade at the age of 25 years 332 days as of the 2 Jan 1928 issue. Lindbergh also happened to be the first "Time Person of the Year", with the now yearly tradition established in 1927. 

Former Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer is the oldest person to have received the accolade to date, when he took the title in 1953

At the other end of the spectrum, the oldest "Time Person of the Year" to date is Konrad Adenauer (Germany, b. 5 Jan 1876, d. 19 Apr 1967), the former Chancellor of West Germany. He was aged 77 years 364 days (a day short of his 78th birthday) when named "Man of the Year" in 1953, appearing on the cover of the 4 Jan 1954 issue of Time

After that, the next oldest person to have received the award was Pope Francis (b. Jorge Mario Bergoglio, 17 Dec 1936, Argentina), who was aged 77 years 6 days when he appeared on the 23 Dec 2013 edition of Time

Prior to Thunberg, only four other individual women have been named "Time Person of the Year": Wallis Simpson (1936 – the first female “Time Person of the Year”), Queen Elizabeth II (1952), Corazon Aquino (1986) and Angela Merkel (2015). Other female recipients have shared the title as part of a group or as a conceptual movement, such as in 1975 when Time celebrated "American Women" in relation to the rise of feminism. 

In 1936, US socialite and future wife of Edward VIII became the first Time Woman of the Year

On rare occasions, the “Time Person of the Year” doesn’t even have to be a person. In 1982, the title went to the personal computer – in so doing becoming the first inanimate object to receive the award. The only other occasion that this has happened to date was in 1988, when Time announced that year’s most influential entity to be planet Earth.

Header and thumbnail image credits: Shutterstock; Time