- United States ()
The world’s first bioluminescent primate was a rhesus monkey Macaca mulatta called ANDi (whose name is the abbreviation for inserted DNA written backwards), created in 2000 by a team of researchers led by Gerald Schatten and Anthony W.S. Chan at the Oregon Regional Primate Research Center at Oregon Health Sciences University. They inserted a glowing gene obtained from bioluminescent jellyfishes into 222 monkey eggs, of which 126 grew into embryos in laboratory dishes. Forty of these were then transferred to 20 surrogate mothers (two embryos per mother), but only five pregnancies occurred, from which three live foetuses were born, but only one – ANDi – contained any jellyfish genes.