First animated film
The Humpty Dumpty Circus
United States
The earliest film to use the stop-motion technique, to give the illusion of movement to inanimate objects, was Vitagraph's The Humpty Dumpty Circus (USA, 1897). Albert E. Smith (USA), who conceived the idea, borrowed his daughter's toy circus and succeeded in animating the acrobats and animals by shooting them in barely changed positions one frame at a time.