Fastest aircraft, airliner
Who
Tupolev Tu-144, Concorde
What
2587 kilometre(s) per hour
Where
USSR ()
When

The Tupolev Tu-144, first flown on 31 December 1968 in the former USSR, was reported to have reached Mach 2.4 (2,587 km/h; 1,600 mph), but normal cruising speed was Mach 2.2. After two crashes the aircraft was taken out of service in 1978.

The BAC/Aerospatiale Concorde, first flown on 2 March 1969, cruised at up to Mach 2.02 (2,333 km/h; 1,450 mph) and became the first supersonic airliner used on passenger services on 21 January 1976. The New York-London record is 2 hrs 52 mins 59 secs, set on 7 February 1996. The last Concordes were taken out of service by British Airways on 24 October 2003 because they were no longer profitable to run. Scheduled services flying freight and mail began on 26 December 1975.