In 1992, Rigoberta Menchú Tum (Guatemala), born in 1959, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, "in recognition of her work for social Justice and ethnocultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous people." At age 33, she was the first indigenous and the youngest person ever to receive this honour.
Rigoberta Menchú Tum was born in the Mayan village of Chimel. Her mother, father and brother all were killed during a time of political upheaval in Guatemala. As a result, she became an active political worker in labor and human rights groups. Rigoberta Menchu's efforts for simple and basic human rights for the indigenous and aboriginal Indians of Guatemala established her as one of the premier advocates of peace. She used the $1.2 million Nobel Prize to erect an organization in her father's name whose mission is to fight for human rights.
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