Highest tsunami death toll
On 26 December 2004, an earthquake with a magnitude of
9.1 occurred under the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Indonesia.
The resulting tsunami wave inundated the coastlines of nine
countries around the Indian Ocean. The total death toll may
never be known but more than 226,000 people are believed
to have perished in the devastating event.
Worst fire
disaster
(damage toll)
The fire following the
earthquake on 18 April
1906 in San Francisco,
USA, cost an estimated
$350 million at the time,
equivalent to $8.97 billion
(£5.55 billion) in 2012. The
devastating quake levelled
about 80% of the city.
017
when weather
goes wild...
turn to P.22
dynamic earth
Most powerful
earthquakes
ever documented
8 Jul 1730
Valparaíso, Chile
Magnitude:
8.7
1 Nov 1755
Lisbon, Portugal
Magnitude:
8.7
4 Feb 1965
Rat Islands,
Alaska, USA
Magnitude:
8.7
31 Jan 1906
Offshore
Esmeraldas,
Ecuador
Magnitude:
8.8
27 Feb 2010
Offshore
Bío-Bío, Chile
Magnitude:
8.8
26 Jan 1700
Present-day
British Columbia,
Canada, to
California, USA
Magnitude:
9.0
13 Aug 1868
Arica, Peru
(now Chile)
Magnitude:
9.0
4 Nov 1952
Kamchatka,
USSR (now Russia)
Magnitude:
9.0
11 Mar 2011
East of Honshu,
Japan
Magnitude:
9.0
26 Dec 2004
Sumatra-
Andaman Islands
Indonesia
Magnitude:
9.1
28 Mar 1964
Prince William
Sound, Alaska,
USA
Magnitude:
9.2
22 May 1960
Nr. Lumaco, Chile
Magnitude:
9.5
10
10
10
04
04
04
04
03
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08
08
of the boundary between the
Indo-Australian Plate and the
south-eastern part of the Eurasian
Plate. In places, the displacement
of ocean floor along the fault was
as much as 15 m (50 ft).
In the wake of the event, the
Tsunami Earthquake Appeal
received £10,676,836 ($19,863,186)
in donations via the Disasters
Emergency Committee website,
from 6:16 p.m. on 30 December to
6:16 p.m. on 31 December 2004.
This represents the
most
money donated online
in 24 hours
.
2010
2008
2005
2004
1990
20 Jun 1990:
Northern Iran
Death toll: 50,000
Magnitude: 7.4
26 Dec 2004:
Sumatra, Indonesia
Death toll: 226,000
Magnitude: 9.1
8 Oct 2005:
Pakistan
Death toll: 86,000
Magnitude: 7.6
12 May 2008:
Eastern Sichuan, China
Death toll: 87,587
Magnitude: 7.9
12 Jan 2010: Haiti
Death toll: 316,000
Magnitude: 7
Worst tsunami-induced
nuclear accident
On 11 March 2011, a megathrust
earthquake struck off the coast of
Japan with a magnitude of 9.03.
The quake and resulting tsunami
led to a series of meltdowns,
failures and releases of radioactive
material at the Fukushima 1
Nuclear Power Plant in Japan.
The International Atomic Energy
Agency classified the event as a
“Level 7”, only the second nuclear
disaster to ever receive this status.
Largest earthquake drill
On 18 October 2012, around
9.4 million people took part in
the fifth annual Great California
ShakeOut across the seismically
active US state.
Longest jail sentence for
not accurately predicting
an earthquake
On 22 October 2012, a regional
Italian court gave six-year jail
sentences to six scientists and
a government official charged
with manslaughter over the
deaths of 309 people killed in the
magnitude-6.3 earthquake that
struck the Italian city of L’Aquila
at 1:30 a.m. (UTC) on 6 April 2009.
The judges decided that the seven
men had downplayed the risk of
a major quake in the days
before it struck.
QUAKE
STATISTICS
There are an estimated
500,000 detectable
earthquakes per year, of
which 100,000 can be felt
and about 100 cause
damage.
4,830
Kilometres
travelled by the
2004 tsunami.
It reached as far
as Africa.
FOR THE RECORD
In the past, the power of earthquakes was
usually assessed using the Richter magnitude
scale, devised in 1935 by Dr Charles Richter
(USA,
right
). Today, the moment magnitude
scale, introduced in 1979, is regarded as a
more accurate system of measurement.
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